Article serious about 18 th anniversary – adulthood regarding more youthful capital Astana – since 1998

Article serious about 18 th anniversary – adulthood regarding more youthful capital Astana – since 1998

Time after time the fresh new environment updates of your ‘southern capital’ deteriorates substantially

July 6, 1994 – are closed the fresh new Quality of one’s Supreme Council of your Republic out-of Kazakhstan “Towards the import of your resource of your Republic off Kazakhstan.” Now, so it big date are technically stated while the Day of the administrative centre. 1996 – Top Far eastern, African and Eu architects possess gained to go over brand new illustrations away from general creativity bundle of your own this new resource. The newest worldwide competition to find the best general development of Astana won japan designer Kisho Kurokawa. Akmola try declared due to the fact financing out-of Kazakhstan with the tenth December 1997 from the Chairman of Kazakhstan Nursultan Abishevich Nazarbayev additionally the Parliament away from Republic regarding Kazakhstan. The fresh new in the world demonstration from Astana, while the the fresh new financial support regarding Kazakhstan, happened into 10th June 1998. When you look at the 1999 Astana is actually approved towards the medal and you can term out-of City of Peace by the UNESCO. Now new city’s region is more than eight twenty two sq .. kilometer.

Because of the Presidential ed on Astana

The initial capitals regarding modern-day, latest and you may progressive reputation for Kazakhstan was basically one or two other places inside the same time Alash-kala (1917-1920) – currentntly titled Semey ( 1 / 2 of part of Alash-kala Area for Kazakhstan was basically taked faraway from Kazakhstan in the different episodes off Russian Kingdom and you may USSR and turned progressive Kemerovskaya oblast – Kemerovo ( Kazakh urban area Komir kemer translated of kazakh since the Slope hillside away from coal ), Altayskiy Kray – Barnaul ( Kazakh Mountains away from Altai with Kazakh city Boranaul interpreted out-of Kazakh just like the village of snow-storm otherwise city of blizzard) and you will Altai Republic – Gorno-Altaisk.(Kazakh Hills away from Altai that have Kazakh area Kos-Agash otherwise Kosh-Agash mode the new trees couples in addition to curtain of your woods and literal interpretation about Kazakh term “kosh” and you will “agash” means “good-bye, brand new forest”, comparable to situated right here treeless landscapes) Kazakh Tobol Area fully taked of and from now on they an region of modern Tumenskaya oblast – Tumen ( Kazakh city Tomen meaning that Off), Tobolsk (Kazakh town toward lake Tobyl which called immediately after Tobyl-Tura Siberian Kazakh Khan) and you will Novosibirskaya oblast-Novosibirsk ( Sibir or Siberia is an excellent Kazakh lands of Siberian Kazakh Khanate), Tomskaya oblast-Tomsk ( Kazakh town Tombi

Kokand (off 1917-1918, afterwards Tashkent escort service in Pasadena CA out of 1918-1924)) – currently so it towns and cities on the region away from Uzbekistan because October twenty-seven, 1924 – 1925 due to the national-territorial delimitation away from management and you can territorial change regarding USSR moved to the latest recently-designed the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic 1925 which have a money inside Samarkand (produced from the fresh mutual territories of your own disbandment of your own Khorezm Socialist Soviet Republic, from Bukhara Soviet Socialist Republic and taked out of territoies off Kazakhstan throughout the Syrdarya area for Kazakhstan Amudariya and you can Tashkent countyies),

Orynbor ( currently entitled Orenburg) within the 1920 – 1925 ( later on the latest Kazakh territoryies was basically taked faraway from Kazakhstan – Kazakh Orynbor Part (already 1 / 2 of Orynbor Area turned into part of Bashkiriya-Russia’s Independency Republic), Orenburg , Kurgan ( are Kazakh city Korgan) and you may Chelyabinsk ( is actually Kazakh area Chelyabi) oblast(regions) out-of Russian Federation) ; Kazakh Bukei Part, Kazakh Nogay Horde and you will Astrakhan Kazakh Khanate ( already Astrakhan oblast and you may Kalmyk Freedom Republic away from Russian Federation ( Kazakh city Asterkhan-Kazhy Tarkhan ) and you can county Sary-Tau ( now named Saratovskaya oblast-Saratov), condition Sary-Su( named in Russian Empire Tsaritsyn after that renamed to help you Volgagrad) and you will ; Kazakh urban area and county Ombi out of Akmola Part ( currently Omsk Region of Russian Federation) ; Kazakh metropolitan areas and you may countyies Tombi and you will Tobyl ( currently Tomsk and you will Tobolsk),

Kazakhstan it is actually relocated to Kyzylorda into the 1925. The development of one’s Turkish railway is the main reason to own mobile the administrative centre in order to Alma-Ata from inside the 1929. The administrative centre was gone off Almaty so you’re able to Akmola having financial, ecological and you may geographic causes. Almaty is too from the the actual geographic heart of the nation. The population when you look at the Almaty is practically step 1.5 mil without subsequent applicants having holiday accommodation. In fact the city is pretty overbuilt, densely populated and has now no spare components having advancement. Transport is even difficulty. It is perhaps one of the most polluted towns during the Kazakhstan. Akmola was chose because the best solution, according to a nation-broad analysis taking into account thirty-two variables along with socioeconomic indices, weather, land, seismic condition, surrounding, technologies and transportation infrastructure, design organization and you may work force. Decisive benefits associated with Astana included their total reputation, territory, central venue, proximity so you can major financial centers and you will arteries, possibility to increase the people to 400,100, secure utility supplies, well-install transportation structure and you may healthy surrounding.

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